Who Is Most At Risk For Lyme Disease?

Does Lyme disease affect your skin?

When a tick that causes Lyme disease bites you, it infects you with bacteria.

Without treatment, the bacteria can spread to other areas of your body.

Stage 2 begins when the bacteria spread to other parts of your body.

During this stage, you may see small, oval rashes on your skin..

Can Lyme be passed sexually?

There is no credible scientific evidence that Lyme disease is spread through sexual contact.

Is Lyme Disease an autoimmune?

Lyme disease symptoms can mimic many other illnesses and have been linked to several autoimmune diseases including Sjögren’s syndrome [1], Dermatomyositis [2], and Guillain-Barre syndrome [3].

What age group is most affected by Lyme disease?

According to the CDC, the highest infection rates occur in children, ages 5 to 9. Overall, the disease is most common among boys, ages 5-19. Each year, at least 300,000 people in the U.S. are diagnosed with Lyme disease, 25% of those are children, ages 5 to 9.

What is the main cause of Lyme disease?

Lyme disease is caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi and rarely, Borrelia mayonii. It is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected blacklegged ticks. Typical symptoms include fever, headache, fatigue, and a characteristic skin rash called erythema migrans.

What are the 3 stages of Lyme disease?

Although Lyme disease is commonly divided into three stages — early localized, early disseminated, and late disseminated — symptoms can overlap. Some people will also present in a later stage of disease without having symptoms of earlier disease.

Where does Lyme disease occur most?

Lyme disease is the most commonly reported tick-borne illness in the United States. Infections predominantly occur in the Northeast and north-central portions of the United States (Figure 16-1).

How long can you have Lyme disease without knowing?

In most cases, it takes from three to 30 days after being bitten by a tick to develop the initial symptoms of Lyme disease.

What percentage of the population has Lyme disease?

In the US, the incidence of Lyme disease has doubled since 1991, from about four cases per 100,000 people to eight per 100,000 people. About 30,000 people are known to get sick with the disease each year, and the CDC thinks the real number of cases is about 10 times that because of underreporting.

What cultural group is most affected by Lyme disease?

In adults, highest incidence among both Hispanics and non-Hispanics was in men 65–74 years of age. Age- and sex-specific incidence of Lyme disease among Hispanics (A) and non-Hispanics (B), United States, 2000–2013.

How serious is Lyme disease?

Untreated Lyme disease can cause: Chronic joint inflammation (Lyme arthritis), particularly of the knee. Neurological symptoms, such as facial palsy and neuropathy. Cognitive defects, such as impaired memory.

Can you fully recover from Lyme disease?

Most people with Lyme disease are treated successfully with a course of antibiotics. People with Lyme disease typically have a rapid and complete recovery. Experts are unclear as to why some people don’t fully recover after treatment.

Does Lyme disease affect a certain ethnic group?

Only 1.4% of Lyme disease patients in central and northeastern Pennsylvania are African-American, according to a medical records review. Moon and colleagues found that more than 97% of the Lyme disease patients were white non-Hispanic. Only 0.9% were Hispanic and 1.4% were black non-Hispanic.

Does Lyme disease stay with you forever?

If treated, Lyme disease does not last for years. However, for some people, the after-effects of the disease can linger for months and sometimes even years. Alternative medicine providers call this condition “Chronic Lyme disease,” but this title is simply wrong.

What does Lyme disease fatigue feel like?

Tiredness, exhaustion, and lack of energy are the most frequent symptoms. The Lyme fatigue can seem different from regular tiredness, where you can point to activity as a cause. This fatigue seems to take over your body and can be severe.

What are the stages of Lyme disease?

Lyme disease occurs in three stages: early localized, early disseminated and late disseminated. However the stages can overlap and not all patients go through all three. A bulls-eye rash is usually considered one of the first signs of infection, but many people develop a different kind of rash or none at all.

Who is most vulnerable to Lyme disease?

Lyme disease can affect people of any age. People who spend time outdoors in activities such as camping, hiking, golfing, or working or playing in grassy and wooded environments are at increased risk of exposure. The chances of being bitten by a deer tick are greater during times of the year when ticks are most active.

What are the neurological symptoms of Lyme disease?

What are the symptoms? Neurological complications most often occur in early disseminated Lyme disease, with numbness, pain, weakness, facial palsy/droop (paralysis of the facial muscles), visual disturbances, and meningitis symptoms such as fever, stiff neck, and severe headache.