What Is Borderline Mental Retardation?

What are the 4 levels of mental retardation?

The DSM-IV classifies mental retardation into four stages based on severity: mild (IQ score of 50-55 to approximately 70), moderate (IQ score of 30-35 to 50-55), severe (IQ score of 20-25 to 35-40), and profound (IQ score of less than 20-25)..

How do you test for intellectual disability?

A thorough assessment usually includes the following:comprehensive medical exam;possible genetic and neurological testing;social and familial history;educational history;psychological testing to assess intellectual functioning;testing of adaptive functioning;interviews with primary caregivers;More items…

Is mild retardation a disability?

Intellectual disability is thought to affect about 1% of the population. Of those affected, 85% have mild intellectual disability. This means they are just a little slower than average to learn new information or skills. With the right support, most will be able to live independently as adults.

What are the characteristics of a child with mental retardation?

Developmental Characteristics Related to Level of Mental Retardation (DSM-IV Criteria)Mild retardationModerate retardationSlow in all areasNoticeable delays, especially in speechMay have no unusual physical signsMay have some unusual physical signsCan acquire practical skillsCan learn simple communication6 more rows•Feb 15, 2000

What does it mean to have borderline intellectual functioning?

The term borderline intellectual functioning describes a group of people who function on the border between normal intellectual functioning and intellectual disability, between 1 and 2 standard deviations below the mean on the normal curve of the distribution of intelligence, roughly an IQ between 70 and 85.

Can intellectual disability improve?

Intellectual disability is not a disease and cannot be cured, however early diagnosis and ongoing interventions can improve adaptive functioning throughout one’s childhood and into adulthood. With ongoing support and interventions, children with intellectual disability can learn to do many things.

What causes mild retardation?

Doctors can’t always identify a specific cause of ID, but causes of ID can include: trauma before birth, such as an infection or exposure to alcohol, drugs, or other toxins. trauma during birth, such as oxygen deprivation or premature delivery. inherited disorders, such as phenylketonuria (PKU) or Tay-Sachs disease.

Can mental retardation be reversed?

“The same mutation in animals produces learning disorders, which we were able to eliminate in adult mice. Our work and other recent studies suggest that some forms of mental retardation can be reversed, even in the adult brain.”

What is the most common level of mental retardation?

Most affected individuals have mild mental retardation (IQ of 50 to 70). Moderate mental retardation is defined by a tested IQ of between 35 to 40 and 50 to 55. Severe mental retardation is defined by a tested IQ of between 20 to 25 and 35 to 40.

What causes an intellectual disability?

Some of the most common known causes of intellectual disability include fetal alcohol syndrome; genetic and chromosomal conditions, such as Down syndrome and fragile X syndrome; and certain infections during pregnancy. Children who have a sibling with autism are at a higher risk of also having autism spectrum disorder.

What is an example of an intellectual disability?

The most common causes of intellectual disabilities are: Genetic conditions. Sometimes an intellectual disability is caused by abnormal genes inherited from parents, errors when genes combine, or other reasons. Examples of genetic conditions are Down syndrome, Fragile X syndrome, and phenylketonuria (PKU).

How do you raise a child with intellectual disability?

Encourage independence in your child. For example, help your child learn daily care skills, such as dressing, feeding him or herself, using the bathroom, and grooming. Give your child chores. Keep her age, attention span, and abilities in mind.

Does borderline intellectual functioning qualify someone for disability benefits?

Alone, borderline intellectual functioning is not enough of an impairment for an individual to qualify for disability benefits from the SSA. However, because this cognitive issue often isn’t a person’s only physical or mental limitation, it can often be an aspect of a successful claim.

How is borderline intellectual functioning diagnosed?

Borderline intellectual functioning is diagnosed by IQ test scores that are between 71 and 84. While Social Security’s impairment listing for intellectual disorder (listing 12.05) requires an IQ of 70 or less, Social Security introduced a new listing in 2017 that covers borderline intellectual functioning.

How do you help a child with mild mental retardation?

Tips for ParentsLearn about intellectual disability.Be patient, be hopeful.Encourage independence in your child.Give your child chores.Give your child frequent feedback.Find out what skills your child is learning at school.Find opportunities in your community for social activities.More items…•

At what age can you diagnose intellectual disability?

Intellectual disability is diagnosed before the age of 18. Most children with intellectual disabilities can learn a great deal and as adults may have partially or even fully independent lives.

What do they call mental retardation now?

The term “intellectual disability” is gradually replacing the term “mental retardation” nationwide.

What is the most common cause of mental retardation?

Down’s syndrome is the most common specific cause of mental retardation, followed by the Fragile X syndrome, which mainly affects boys.

Is Autism considered an intellectual disability?

About 1% of the general population is thought to have intellectual disability, and about 10% of individuals with intellectual disability have Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) or autistic traits. However, a much higher percentage of individuals with ASD have intellectual disability3.

What is mild mental retardation?

Definition. Mild mental retardation is defined as significantly subaverage intellectual ability, which ranges between 50–55 and 70, and concurrent delays in adaptive functioning that present prior to the age of 18.

What are the 5 developmental disabilities?

Specific Types Developmental DisabilitiesAttention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder.Autism Spectrum Disorder.Cerebral Palsy.Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders.Fragile X Syndrome.Hearing Loss.Intellectual Disability.Kernicterus.More items…