What Are The 4 Types Of Depression?

How long does it take to treat depression?

Although it may be tempting to stop medication as your mood lifts, continue taking it for as long as your doctor recommends.

Most doctors advise patients to take antidepressants for six months to a year after they no longer feel depressed.

Stopping before that time can cause depression to return..

Which country has the highest rate of depression?

Depression is a major cause of morbidity worldwide, as the epidemiology has shown. Lifetime prevalence estimates vary widely, from 3% in Japan to 17% in the United States. Epidemiological data shows higher rates of depression in the Middle East, North Africa, South Asia and America than in other countries.

What are the major mood disorders?

The most common types of mood disorders are major depression, dysthymia (dysthymic disorder), bipolar disorder, mood disorder due to a general medical condition, and substance-induced mood disorder.

What is considered major depression?

Major depression is more than just a passing blue mood, a “bad day” or temporary sadness. The symptoms of major depression are defined as lasting at least two weeks but usually they go on much longer — months or even years.

What happens to the brain during depression?

The influx of cortisol triggered by depression also causes the amygdala to enlarge. This is a part of the brain associated with emotional responses. When it becomes larger and more active, it causes sleep disturbances, changes in activity levels, and changes in other hormones. Brain inflammation.

What are the 7 types of depression?

Seven of the more common types of depression include the following.Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) … Persistent Depressive Disorder (PDD) … Bipolar Disorder. … Postpartum Depression (PPD) … Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) … Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) … Atypical Depression.

What is Anxiety Syndrome?

However, people with anxiety disorders frequently have intense, excessive and persistent worry and fear about everyday situations. Often, anxiety disorders involve repeated episodes of sudden feelings of intense anxiety and fear or terror that reach a peak within minutes (panic attacks).

What caused great depression?

It began after the stock market crash of October 1929, which sent Wall Street into a panic and wiped out millions of investors. Over the next several years, consumer spending and investment dropped, causing steep declines in industrial output and employment as failing companies laid off workers.

What does a mental breakdown look like?

hallucinations. extreme mood swings or unexplained outbursts. panic attacks, which include chest pain, detachment from reality and self, extreme fear, and difficulty breathing. paranoia, such as believing someone is watching you or stalking you.

What part of your brain is affected by depression?

The main subcortical limbic brain regions implicated in depression are the amygdala, hippocampus, and the dorsomedial thalamus. Both structural and functional abnormalities in these areas have been found in depression. Decreased hippocampal volumes (10, 25) have been noted in subjects with depression.

How does depression affect the synapse?

Basic and clinical studies demonstrate that depression is associated with reduced size of brain regions that regulate mood and cognition, including the prefrontal cortex and the hippocampus, and decreased neuronal synapses in these areas.

What is the most serious form of depression?

Just as with any type of depression, atypical depression is a serious mental health condition, and is associated with an increased risk of suicide and anxiety disorders. Atypical depression often starts in the teenage years, earlier than other types of depression, and can have a more long-term (chronic) course.

What are the two types of depression?

Six common depression typesMajor depression. The classic depression type, major depression is a state where a dark mood is all-consuming and one loses interest in activities, even ones that are usually pleasurable. … Persistent depressive disorder. … Bipolar disorder. … Seasonal affective disorder (SAD). … Disclaimer:

What is the single most common cause of depression?

Research suggests that depression doesn’t spring from simply having too much or too little of certain brain chemicals. Rather, there are many possible causes of depression, including faulty mood regulation by the brain, genetic vulnerability, stressful life events, medications, and medical problems.

Can u inherit depression?

Depression is known to run in families, suggesting that genetic factors contribute to the risk of developing this disease. However, research into the genetics of depression is in its early stages, and very little is known for certain about the genetic basis of the disease.

What are risks of depression?

Risk FactorsGenetics: A history of depression in your family may make it more likely for you to get it. … Death or loss: Sadness and grief are normal reactions. … Conflict: Personal turmoil or disputes with family or friends may lead to depression.Abuse: Past physical, sexual, or emotional abuse can bring it on, as well.More items…•

Is anxiety a mental illness?

Occasional anxiety is OK. But anxiety disorders are different. They’re a group of mental illnesses that cause constant and overwhelming anxiety and fear. The excessive anxiety can make you avoid work, school, family get-togethers, and other social situations that might trigger or worsen your symptoms.

What are 4 major causes of depression?

What Are the Main Causes of Depression?Abuse. Past physical, sexual, or emotional abuse can increase the vulnerability to clinical depression later in life.Certain medications. … Conflict. … Death or a loss. … Genetics. … Major events. … Other personal problems. … Serious illnesses.More items…•