Quick Answer: What Are The 13 Categories Of Special Education?

What is the most common type of special needs?

5 Most Common Learning DisabilitiesDyslexia.

Dyslexia is perhaps the best known learning disability.

ADHD.

Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder has affected more than 6.4 million children at some point.

Dyscalculia.

Math is another major area of concern when it comes to learning disabilities.

Dysgraphia.

Processing Deficits..

What is special learning disability?

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) defines a specific learning disability as “a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in the imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, …

What is the difference between learning disability and learning difficulty?

a learning disability constitutes a condition which affects learning and intelligence across all areas of life. a learning difficulty constitutes a condition which creates an obstacle to a specific form of learning, but does not affect the overall IQ of an individual.

What classifies a child as special needs?

A special needs child is a youth who has been determined to require special attention and specific necessities that other children do not. The state may declare this status for the purpose of offering benefits and assistance for the child’s well-being and growth.

What are some examples of special needs?

Other types of special needs include:Autism.ADHD.Cerebral palsy.Down syndrome.Emotional disturbance.Epilepsy.Reading and learning disabilities.Intellectual disabilities.More items…•

What are the 13 specific learning disabilities?

(1) Child with a disability means a child evaluated in accordance with §§300.304 through 300.311 as having an intellectual disability, a hearing impairment (including deafness), a speech or language impairment, a visual impairment (including blindness), a serious emotional disturbance (referred to in this part as “ …

What disability is most common?

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, about 22 percent of people in the United States – or roughly 53 million people – have a disability….Neurological disorders include:Epilepsy.Brain tumors.Cerebral palsy.Spinal cord disorders.Multiple sclerosis.Traumatic brain injury.

What is a learning disability in reading?

A learning disorder in reading is usually called dyslexia, but some specialists may use the term to describe only some of the information-processing problems that can cause difficulty with reading.

Is Autism considered an exceptionality?

Autism means a developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction, generally evident before age three, which adversely affects a child’s educational performance.

How many categories of special education are there?

13 categoriesThey can include mental, physical, behavioral and emotional disabilities. There are 13 categories of special education as defined by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).

What are the difficulties of a special child?

Children with special needs or learning difficulties often have difficulties with communication. Some children require speech and language therapy to improve, and others need greater intervention and perhaps the addition of some form of communication system or device.

Who are students with exceptionalities?

POSSIBLE ANSWER: The term learners with exceptionalities refers to individuals whose physical, behavioral, or cognitive performance is so different from the norm that additional services are required to meet the individual’s needs. Disability and handicap are not interchangeable terms.

Is having an IEP a disability?

Fact: To qualify for special education services (and an IEP), a student must meet two criteria. First, he must be formally diagnosed as having a disability as defined under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). … Learn more about the process of getting an IEP with our IEP Roadmap.

What are the 7 main types of learning disabilities?

In particular, psychology professionals should study these seven learning disabilities:Dyslexia. … Dysgraphia. … Dyscalculia. … Auditory processing disorder. … Language processing disorder. … Nonverbal learning disabilities. … Visual perceptual/visual motor deficit.

What type of exceptionality is ADHD?

Although ADHD is not named as a specific category of exceptionality, students with ADHD may present characteristics that can be identified in the various categories such as Learning Disability or Behaviour.

What are the 14 categories of special education?

These are federal terms and definitions.Autism. … Deaf-Blindness. … Deafness. … Developmental Delay. … Emotional Disturbance. … Hearing Impairment. … Intellectual Disability (formerly known as Mental Retardation) … Multiple Disabilities.More items…

What are the 5 categories of exceptionality?

CATEGORIES and DEFINITIONS of EXCEPTIONALITIES. Purpose of the standard. … Behaviour.Communication. • Learning Disabled. … Intellectual. • Gifted. … Physical. • Blind-Low Vision. … Multiple.

What is dysgraphia?

Dysgraphia can appear as difficulties with spelling and/or trouble putting thoughts on paper. Dysgraphia is a neurological disorder that generally appears when children are first learning to write. Experts are not sure what causes it, but early treatment can help prevent or reduce problems.